Carp is without a doubt, our most popular freshwater fish. In his Latin name (Cyprinus carpio) fish called the whole family - CYPRINIDAE. It occurs in the vast majority of lowland waters, streams and stagnant. Has entered the high river flows, and is present in some salmonidal waters. Likewise, the carp are well adapted to life in an artificially created waters, such as gravel, clay mines, lakes and reservoirs, where some pieces are reaching impressive size.
If his license to people, carp is a long-lived fish. Under optimal environmental conditions, some specimens can live a ripe old age of up to sixty years, and more. What is his single greatest natural enemy of man, in many countries it is crucial and limiting factor for its survival. To survive, carp have developed a very strong evolution of protective mechanisms for survival. Namely, in the struggle for survival in life than helping them, alert, good instincts, and an enviable memory for the fish genus. Ability to remember their bad experience (running away with hooks, catch, dodge the network), linking them, and make maximum use in terms of avoiding future dangers, and made of them in the eyes of fishing myth. Fishermen are often prone to them pripisavati even some human qualities in mind cunning, wisdom and cunning. Realistically, these things are not as the only fish and carp, which acts instinctively and not thinking. However, carp ability to remember is really surprising. In particular, his astonishing speed of getting used to danger (the constant presence of fishermen and fish-hook), and coexistence with them.
When all of this note, I hope you will understand how some pieces of this beautiful fish, despite the frequent and fishing and poaching, manage to grow to 25 pounds or more overweight. On the other hand it seems perfectly understandable that the young and "inexperienced" nepažljivije individual lots, and "easier" and faster dren. Consequently, in a large number of our waters for years was present there a gap the size of fish specimen of this species in the population (for many it is still used today). Usually there is a small group of older, more experienced, big carp, and a large group of medium and small, that is to be most often caught. Precisely for that first category of fish, which is admittedly different from water to water, depending on the lessons learned and the fishing pressure on the water, are associated with many stories and legends, as well as one in many ways a special kind of people - hunters of the carp. It is a bit čudovita people who do not complain about money, effort or time to reach out to this beautiful fish. They are willing to spend in the fishing day and night, watching the wildlife around it some other sight, enjoying nature, silence and solitude. They fish a food item, but a trophy, usually, a close friend, who carefully neozlijeđenog go back into the water.
One of the characteristics of carp fishing is the rule that if a year hunting for the same systems, same baits, and at identical locations, in proportion to your success but surely fall. Namely, because the tactics of the hunt year after year more and more change and evolve. How to learn carp and grass carp, must be improved and anglers, otherwise slowly but surely fall out of the "big game".
It's interesting how different the popularity of hunting among carp anglers from all over the world. In England, Europe's largest fishing powers, the hunt for "king" in the last two decades has become the most widespread fishing industry. I am a carp because of its somewhat moody and intriguing behavior, and its large size, pronounced aristocratic fish. This is a fish in North America is very wide, but because of the tradition of hunting to other species, as well as the mentality of the local fishermen marginalized. In the last time and this is slowly changing. While the tame carp in Japan (which) is often treated as pets, which are held in the gardens and homes, and I adore being in Australia is frantically murdered and persecuted. By the local population considers fish weeds that threaten the expansion of its displacement of native fish species.
CARP FROM OUR WATER
In our waters home to more morphologically different breeds of carp, which may at first differ in body shape, number and position of the shells.
RIVER CARP (savage, dragon, Madžarac, carp)
The indigenous inhabitant of our lowland rivers and river backwaters. Long and spindly body is completely covered with scales. This is the least used today breeds of carp in our waters, and threatened the destruction of natural spawning areas, by cutting the natural waterways and poaching. Although it is usually smaller than the carp pond, in terms of interesting fishing him decorated with great fighting spirit, and is on the hook very much appreciated and a welcome fish.
Planned selection for certain traits, such as the number of shells, the amount of bone, muscle mass, from the river are carp over the years grown docile breed or ribnjakog carp. Basic features of cultivated breeds are high ridge, and a strong and wide hull with a lot of muscle. In addition, they grow faster and better utilize the food. Under natural conditions, free-spawning crossing grown gradually lose svojsva taking on the original form (eg common carp from Lake Vrana). It is believed that there are four basic types of pond carp:
Scaly carp ("ljuskaš")
Has a stocky body covered with scales as in the river carp. Because of this ljuskavog cover fishermen it is often mistakenly referred to as "savage." From the true wild carp differ primarily in body shape (higher and broader ridge), and some other breed acquired properties. However, because of its beautiful exterior, the hunters ljuskaš carp is very popular catch.
Maloljuskavi carp (Der Spiegel)
There along the ridge, on the tail fin, or about less or more shells of different sizes. This is the most common breeds of carp in our commercial fish farms, as well as in our fishing waters. Fishermen love it because of something faster growth. Often grows to an impressive size for which the fish is high trophy value.
Naked carp ("sansculotte")
On the body there more often, there are only a few scales behind the gills, the tail or around the fins. The body can be very clumsy, and elongated, although rarely complete, as the river carp. Rarely in our fish farms, as well as in our fishing waters.
Has the stockier or rarely elongated body red shells, or improperly dispersed large groups of shells along the sideline. Red scales on the body can be doubled or tripled, and expand or shrink. But because one of the rare šaranolike residents of our water, our anglers on the hook is also a very welcome guest.
Author: Krešimir Kuri